Loading...
BYH to the members of the 514 for going to guard and support our country's illegal international prison at Gitmo in...

Growing kids need their milk

KathyKolasa

Kathy Kolasa

Loading…

Kathy Kolasa

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Q My daughter-in-law enjoys drinking all the new “milks” you find in the store. I think she needs to feed her baby cow’s milk. What do you think? — J.A., Greenville

A You didn’t give your grandchild’s age, but Catherine Thriveni, a Brody medical student, will share the recommendations for infants, children and teens. It’s important to understand what nutrients your child needs and gets from drinking milk.

It seems like a well-accepted rule that growing kids need their milk. In fact, milk and other dairy products are key sources of calcium and vitamin D, the building blocks of strong bones and teeth. Milk is also a great source of protein, which is important for a child’s muscle growth, brain development, and immune function. But with the wide variety of options — whole, reduced-fat, low-fat, skim, soy, almond, rice and other plant “milks” now available in the store — it can be difficult to know which choice provides optimal nutrition for your child.

For infants younger than 12 months old, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends only breast milk or iron-fortified infant formula. Neither cow’s nor plant milks are recommended. Studies have shown that the consumption of cow’s milk by infants can lead to iron deficiency anemia, causing babies to feel weak, tired and irritable.

For children 1-2 years of age, whole or reduced-fat (2 percent) milk is recommended. Because dietary fats are important for early brain development, whole milk has classically been advised in this age group. However, recent studies have shown that children this age given 2 percent milk did develop normally. So if a child is at risk for becoming overweight or if there is a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol, 2 percent milk is the best option. Plant-based beverages, including soy milk, are “inappropriate alternatives to cow’s milk in the first two years,” said a joint statement issued by Dietitians of Canada and the Canadian Paediatric Society.

After children turn 2, they should receive two to three 8-ounce servings of low-fat (1 percent) or fat-free (skim) milk each day. Adolescents accumulate almost half of their total lifetime bone mass at this age and need a good source of vitamin D and calcium, so they are encouraged to consume three or more servings of low-fat milk or dairy products every day.

What about the non-cow’s milk alternatives? Soy milk is fortified with calcium and vitamin D and with about the same amount as in cow’s milk. Soy milk also is comparable to cow’s milk in its protein content; an 8-ounce glass of soy milk provides 7 grams of protein, while cow’s milk provides 8 grams. And unsweetened soy milk has roughly the same calories as skim milk or about 80-90 calories per 8-ounces. Some people worry about the plant estrogens called isoflavones found in soybeans. But the American Academy of Family Physicians states, “there is no conclusive evidence from animal, adult human or infant populations that dietary soy isoflavones adversely affect human development, reproduction or endocrine function.”

Individuals who are lactose intolerant or parents who adhere to a vegan diet can comfortably feed their baby fortified, full-fat soy milk after 2 years of age. If your child is younger than 2 and you want to feed him or her a plant-based milk, be sure to speak with your pediatrician first. Even after age 2, low-fat and non-fat soy milks are not recommended for growing toddlers because they seem to contain insufficient fat and calories. That is likely to be true of the other plant milks.

Compare the Nutrition Facts labels. Almond milk is also fortified with calcium and vitamin D in amounts like cow’s milk. As a bonus, one 8-ounce cup of unsweetened almond milk contains only 30 calories, as compared to 90 calories in a cup of skim milk. However, while almonds themselves are a great source of protein, almond milk has only 1 gram of protein per glass.

There are many nutrients found naturally in milk that aren’t in plant “milks” as well. So almond milk is not recommended as the primary beverage for infants or toddlers. Rather, it may be a good option for older children who are already eating foods and getting adequate dietary protein and nutrients.

Finally, it is important that children limit their milk intake to two to three servings per day. Excessive consumption of milk can inhibit iron absorption from other foods and fill children up so that their diet is imbalanced — both of which can lead to iron deficiency anemia. The additional calories can also increase children’s risk for obesity, which makes them more likely to develop diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnea and asthma later.

A baby should not be put to bed with a bottle. Milk and formula contain sugar that, when left in the mouth for extended periods of time, can be broken down by bacteria and turned into acid that leads to tooth decay.

While no form of milk is without its benefits and drawbacks, we recommend speaking to your pediatrician regularly to make sure your children are obtaining adequate amounts of calcium, vitamin D and protein and all the nutrients needed for their health.

Professor emeritus Kathy Kolasa, a registered dietitian nutritionist and Ph.D., is an Affiliate Professor in the Brody School of Medicine at ECU. Contact her at kolasaka@ecu.edu.

Loading…

Humans of Greenville

@HumansofGville

Local photographer Joe Pellegrino explores Greenville to create a photographic census of its people.

Look

August 15, 2018

The Leroy James Farmers Market Vendor of the Week is Smith Produce.

The farm is owned and operated by Jerry Smith and his daughter Cassandra. Rashaun, Jerry’s grandson, also helps with the family business. Smith Produce Farm is located in Blounts Creek in Beaufort County. Jerry, 82, has been…

081518vendor

August 15, 2018

If you’re looking for new place to hang your hungry hat, then I have the place for you. Newk’s Eatery just opened at 516 S.E. Greenville Blvd., and it’s fantastic!

Every meal is made-to-order in an open-view kitchen. The diverse menu offers toasted sandwiches with flame-grilled…

081518hotdish

August 15, 2018

Q: I had a heart attack recently, and my health care provider is trying to get me to go vegan. I never paid much attention to my diet, but I am willing to try to make some changes. I might be able to be a lacto-ovo vegetarian, but I don’t see myself giving up dairy products. I love milk,…

KathyKolasa

August 15, 2018

Q I would like to hear your thoughts on what happened with a girl I was dating for two months. We went on dates every weekend, where I also stayed at her place. We texted each other during the week. On our last date, she said I don’t text enough and that she had started to chat with someone…

Carolyn Hax

August 15, 2018

Late summer reaps bushels of peppers in a kaleidoscope of colors and a crooked assortment of wiggly shapes. I shop with my eyes, because the first thing I do when I get home is pile my peppers into a bowl, where they do double duty as a decorative centerpiece on the kitchen table before they are…

LyndaBalslev

August 13, 2018

Library events

Sheppard Memorial Library, 530 Evans St., will host the following events. Call Call 329-458.

■ Movie matinee, 1:30 p.m. Tuesday.

■ Board games family program, 10:30 a.m. Wednesday.

■ Bedtime story hour, 7 p.m. Thursday.

■ Baby and Me Story Hour, ages 18 months and younger,…

August 13, 2018

Pitt County Schools

Pitt County Schools' first day of school is Aug. 27. An open house will be held Aug. 23.

The schedule for open house is:

Elementary schools, 4-6:30 p.m.

K-8 schools and middle schools, 5-7:30 p.m.

High schools, 6-8:30 p.m.

St. Peter

A pre-kindergarten and kindergarten open house…

August 13, 2018

Several Pitt County 4-Her’s were among students honored during last month's State 4-H Congress in Raleigh.

This year’s 4-H Congress had more than 500 youth and their adult leaders participating in activities including oral presentations, leadership and citizenship workshops, state and…

081318rc4h

August 13, 2018

Chicod School’s Fiona Hollard was recognized by the Pitt County Board of Education at its Aug. 6 meeting for her selection to the Junior Eastern Regional Orchestra.

This is the highest honor for middle school orchestra, Daniel Walker, Chicod’s band and orchestra director, told the…

0808-SchBrd1.JPG

August 12, 2018

Q I am stepfather to my wife’s only child, age 8, from her first marriage. My wife always and in every way puts her son before our marriage. We went through counseling several years ago and things got better for a while, but then began slipping back into child-comes-first mode. Believe me, we…

JohnRosemondGDR_177.jpg
265 stories in Look. Viewing 1 through 10.
«First Page   «Previous Page        
Page 1 of 27
        Next Page»   Last Page»