WASHINGTON — Joe Biden was sworn in as the 46th president of the United States on Wednesday, declaring that “democracy has prevailed” and summoning American resilience and unity to confront the deeply divided nation’s historic confluence of crises.
Biden took the oath at a U.S. Capitol that had been battered just two weeks earlier by supporters of Donald Trump. On a cold Washington morning dotted with snow flurries, the quadrennial ceremony unfolded within a circle of security forces evocative of a war zone and devoid of crowds because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Instead, Biden gazed out over 200,000 American flags planted on the National Mall to symbolize those who could not attend in person.
“The will of the people has been heard, and the will of the people has been heeded. We’ve learned again that democracy is precious and democracy is fragile. At this hour, my friends, democracy has prevailed,” Biden said. “This is America’s day. This is democracy’s day. A day in history and hope, of renewal and resolve.”
Pitt County’s senior congressman, Rep. G.K. Butterfield, celebrated the inauguration of Biden and Harris at the Capitol.
“In a historic voter turnout, this election was truly a victory for the people and by the people,” said Butterfield, pledging his support for the president.
“I am encouraged and excited about the vision and direction of this new administration under the leadership of President Biden and Vice President Harris,” Butterfield said. “They are hitting the ground running by tackling the challenges surrounding the pandemic and fulfilling the pledge to ‘Build Back Better.’”
Pitt County’s Republican Rep. Greg Murphy offered Biden good wishes and then criticized the president’s first acts, signing an executive order blocking the Keystone XL Pipeline’s permit to cross the United States border with Canada and his COVID-19 relief package.
“This needless action will crush thousands of jobs and will not serve to help the environment in any meaningful way,” Murphy said. “So many environmental safeguards have already been agreed to and were in place. We had a good place that balanced environmental concerns and energy self-dependence.”
The congressman said the president’s COVID-19 relief package incentivizes people to not work and “highlights the radical direction in which I am afraid he intends to take this country.
“If these and similar actions are what we are to expect from this new administration, we will reverse trends we have enjoyed of great economic growth and personal independence to substitute them for economic stagnation and government dependence,” Murphy said.
History was made at Biden’s side, as Kamala Harris became the first woman to be vice president. The former U.S. senator from California is also the first black person and the first person of South Asian descent elected to the vice presidency and the highest-ranking woman ever to serve in the U.S. government.
Biden never mentioned his predecessor, who defied tradition and left town ahead of the ceremony, but his speech was an implicit rebuke of Trump. The new president denounced “lies told for power and for profit” and was blunt about the challenges ahead.
Central among them: the surging virus that has claimed more than 400,000 lives in the United States, as well as economic strains and a national reckoning over race.
“We have much to do in this winter of peril, and significant possibilities. Much to repair, much to restore, much to heal, much to build and much to gain,” Biden said. “Few people in our nation’s history have been more challenged, or found a time more challenging or difficult than the time we’re in now.”
Biden was eager to go big early, with an ambitious first 100 days including a push to speed up the distribution of COVID-19 vaccinations to anxious Americans and pass a $1.9 trillion economic relief package. On Day One, as part of a push to roll back Trump administration initiatives, he signed a series of executive actions, including to re-enter the Paris Climate Accords and to mandate mask wearing on federal property.
“There’s no time to start like today,” Biden said as he signed the actions in the Oval Office.
The absence of Biden’s predecessor from the inaugural ceremony underscored the national rift to be healed.
But a bipartisan trio of former presidents — Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama — were there to witness the ceremonial transfer of power. Trump, awaiting his second impeachment trial, was at his Florida resort by the time the swearing-in took place.
Biden, in his third run for the presidency, staked his candidacy less on any distinctive political ideology than on galvanizing a broad coalition of voters around the notion that Trump posed an existential threat to American democracy. Four years after Trump’s “American Carnage” speech painted a dark portrait of national decay, Biden warned that the fabric of the nation’s democracy was tearing but expressed faith that it could be repaired.
“I know the forces that divide us are deep and they are real. But I also know they are not new. Our history has been a constant struggle between the American ideal that we are all created equal and the harsh, ugly reality that racism, nativism, fear, demonization have long torn us apart,” Biden said. “This is our historic moment of crisis and challenge, and unity is the path forward and we must meet this moment as the United States of America.”
Swearing the oath with his hand on a five-inch-thick Bible that has been in his family for 128 years, Biden came to office with a well of empathy and resolve born by personal tragedy as well as a depth of experience forged from more than four decades in Washington. At age 78, he is the oldest president inaugurated.
Both he, Harris and their spouses walked the last short part of the route to the White House after an abridged parade. Biden then strode into the Oval Office, a room he knew well as vice president, for the first time as commander in chief.
Earlier, the two were sworn in during an inauguration ceremony with few parallels. Biden, like all those in attendance, wore a face mask except when speaking. And tens of thousands of National Guard troops were on the streets to provide security precisely two weeks after a violent mob of Trump supporters, incited by the Republican president, stormed the Capitol in an attempt to prevent the certification of Biden’s victory.
“Here we stand, just days after a riotous mob thought they could use violence to silence the will of the people,” Biden said. “To stop the work of our democracy. To drive us from this sacred ground. It did not happen. It will never happen. Not today, not tomorrow. Not ever. Not ever.”
The tense atmosphere evoked the 1861 inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, who was secretly transported to Washington to avoid assassins on the eve of the Civil War, or Franklin Roosevelt’s inaugural in 1945, when he opted for a small, secure ceremony at the White House in the waning months of World War II.
But Washington, all but deserted downtown and in its federal areas, was quiet. And calm also prevailed outside heavily fortified state Capitol buildings across nation after the FBI had warned of the possibility for armed demonstrations leading up to the inauguration.
The day began with a reach across the political aisle after four years of bitter partisan battles under Trump. At Biden’s invitation, congressional leaders from both parties bowed their heads in prayer in the socially distanced service a few blocks from the White House.
Biden was sworn in by Chief Justice John Roberts; Harris by Justice Sonia Sotomayor, the first Latina member of the Supreme Court. Vice President Mike Pence, standing in for Trump, sat nearby as Lady Gaga, holding a golden microphone, sang the National Anthem accompanied by the U.S. Marine Corps band.
When Pence, in a last act of the outgoing administration, left the Capitol, he walked through a door with badly cracked glass from the riot two weeks ago. Later, Biden, Harris and their spouses were joined by the former presidents to solemnly lay a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Ceremony.
Biden was also to join the end of a slimmed-down inaugural parade as he moves into the White House. Because of the pandemic, much of this year’s parade was to be a virtual affair featuring performances from around the nation.
In the evening, in lieu of the traditional balls that welcome a new president to Washington, Biden was to take part in a televised concert that also marked the return of A-list celebrities to the White House orbit after they largely eschewed Trump. Among those in the lineup: Bruce Springsteen, Justin Timberlake and Lin-Manuel Miranda.
This was not an inauguration for the crowds. But Americans in the capital city nonetheless brought their hopes to the moment.
“I feel so hopeful, so thankful,” said Karen Jennings Crooms, a D.C. resident who hoped to catch a glimpse of the presidential motorcade on Pennsylvania Avenue with her husband. “It makes us sad that this is where we are but hopeful that democracy will win out in the end. That’s what I’m focusing on.”
Trump was the first president in more than a century to skip the inauguration of his successor. After a brief farewell celebration at nearby Joint Base Andrews, he boarded Air Force One for the final time as president.
“I will always fight for you. I will be watching. I will be listening and I will tell you that the future of this country has never been better,” said Trump. He wished the incoming administration well but never mentioned Biden’s name.
The very moment Trump disappeared into the doorway of Air Force One, Biden emerged from Blair House, the traditional guest lodging for presidents-in-waiting, and into his motorcade for the short ride to church.
Trump did adhere to one tradition and left a personal note for Biden in the Oval Office, according to the White House, which did not release its contents. Biden would only tell reporters that Trump “wrote a very generous letter.”
Trump, in his farewell video remarks, hinted at a political return, saying “we will be back in some form.” Without question, he will shadow Biden’s first days in office.
Trump’s second impeachment trial could start as early as this week. That will test the ability of the Senate, now coming under Democratic control, to balance impeachment proceedings with confirmation hearings and votes on Biden’s Cabinet choices.
The White House, desolate in Trump’s waning days, sprang back to life Wednesday afternoon, with Biden staffers moving in and new COVID-19 safety measures, like plastic shields on desks, installed.
Biden planned a 10-day blitz of executive orders on matters that don’t require congressional approval — a mix of substantive and symbolic steps to unwind the Trump years. Among the planned steps: rescinding travel restrictions on people from several predominantly Muslim countries; rejoining the Paris climate accord; issuing a mask mandate for those on federal property, and ordering agencies to figure out how to reunite children separated from their families after crossing the border.
People 65 and older who want to receive a COVID-19 vaccine at a mass vaccination site opening in Greenville on Monday will have to join more than 8,000 already on a waiting list, officials said.
The good news is the site is set up to vaccinate 4,000 people a week. The bad news is that sustaining the effort will depend on vaccine supply and staffing.
“This is the largest mass vaccination effort ever — it has never been done,” said Dr. Michael Waldrum, CEO of Vidant Health, whose organization has teamed up with the Pitt County Health Department to administer hundreds of vaccines daily at the Greenville Convention Center, 303 S.W. Greenville Blvd.
Waldrum said the convention center site will allow for a large number of people to move through check-in, waiting and vaccination stations efficiently while remaining socially distant.
“We are very confident we can vaccinate 4,000 people next week. We will try to exceed expectations,” Waldrum said during an online news conference with county officials on Wednesday.
Vaccines will be administered by appointment only. An announcement is forthcoming from the health system and the county to explain the process for securing an appointment. All people who have already registered with the Pitt County Health Department to receive the vaccine will be contacted about getting their turn, assistant director Amy Hattem said Wednesday night.
Officials said more than 8,000 people have called the county or registered online to be on its vaccination waiting list. About 460 of them will be vaccinated today and Friday during clinics at the county agricultural center, Hattem said.
“This is a challenge,” said Dr. John Silvernail, county public health director. “This is the biggest mass vaccine campaign since the eradication of smallpox in the ’70s and early ’80s.”
Limited supplies and huge worldwide demand for the vaccines is one the challenges, officials said, while another is having enough people on hand to deliver the vaccine. But greater numbers of appointments will be set as supplies and staffing become available.
Officials are reaching out to retired nurses and physicians to help administer the vaccine because active health care workers must continue caring for those with the virus in addition to providing care for non-viral ailments.
Waldrum said that getting all of eastern North Carolina vaccinated will take months, not weeks.
“We have a long way to go. We will be vaccinating for multiple months. The most limiting issues on getting the vaccine in people’s arms is having a stable supply of the vaccine in Pitt County and having the workforce that can actually put needle’s in people arms. I say that to encourage patience.”
Vidant and county officials first began administering vaccines in December to front-line health care workers and residents and staff at long-term care facilities. State guidelines now allow all people 65 and older to receive the vaccine as well.
As of Jan. 18, more than 6,400 Vidant team members and providers have received the vaccine across the health system, it reported. More than 2,900 team members have received both doses, completing their vaccine series.
Since Jan. 8, Vidant has administered the first dose of the vaccine to 1,173 community members. Pitt County administered 230 doses to members of the public at its first clinic on Jan. 11.
Meanwhile more than 14,200 people had contracted COVID-19 in Pitt County, including 163 new cases reported on Wednesday. The death toll remained at 69, although it has not been updated since Dec. 21. Vital records in the county indicate more have died.
Officials on Wednesday asked for patience, perseverance and continued vigilance against the virus, including masks, distancing and hand-washing.
Anyone who thought that masking didn’t work should look at the missing cases of influenza this year, Waldrum said.
“It has essentially eliminated another respiratory virus,” he said. “I am thankful more people are masking, because the waves (of COVID) we are seeing would be a lot worse if people were not doing that.”
Following two weeks of virtual instruction due to an increase in COVID-19 cases, Pitt County Schools will resume in-person instruction next week, the district announced Wednesday.
“Please be advised that if there is a need to move a school from face-to-face learning to 100 percent virtual learning due to COVID-19 cases, related quarantines and staff depletions, we will do so on a school-by-school basis,” according to a statement released just before 6 p.m.
“This decision will be made based on the ability to provide proper supervision for our students. Notice to parents, staff and students will be given as soon as possible.”
Monday is a remote learning day for all students except at the county’s two early college high schools. All traditional school students are scheduled to return to campus on Tuesday.
Elementary students attending face-to-face classes will resume their Tuesday-Friday schedule. Middle and high school students will continue to alternate weeks of attendance due to COVID-19 restrictions. A-week students will report to classes beginning Jan. 26.
A full-time virtual option remains available for students. Officials said Wednesday that an option for students to receive full-time virtual instruction temporarily has been extended through Jan. 29.
Full-time virtual students also will have a chance to change to face-to-face enrollment on March 17, which is the beginning of the fourth grading period.